sanctuary comprises the oldest mountain ranges - The Aravali. It
was declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1960. Apart from
having several sightseeing places this sanctuary is a draw for
nature lovers as it has great potential for Eco-tourism, In
shape this sanctuary is long and narrow but the top spreads out
into a picturesque plateau which is about 19 km. is length and
5-8 km. in breadth. Attitudinally it varies from 300m. at the
foot Mil to 1722 m. at Gurushikhar, the highest peak of the
Aravali Ranges. The rocks are igneous and due the weathering
effect of wind and water, large cavities are common the rocks.
This feature is typical of Aravali and particularly of Mt, Abu.
Toad Rock in Mount Abu is one such example.
Mount Abu has a very rich floral biodiversity starting
with xenomorphic subtropical thorn forest at the foot hills to
subtropical evergreen forest along water courses and valleys at
higher altitudes. These forests consist of 112 plant families
with 449 genera and 820 species. Of these, 663 species are
dicots while 157 species are monocots. Mount Abu is the only
place in Rajasthan where one can observe a variety of orchids.
The place is also rich in bryophytes and algae. Three species of
wild roses and 16 species of feras some of which are quite rare
have also been reported from here. The South-West part of the
Sanctuary is rich in bamboo forests.
The sanctuary is rich in
herbal medicinal plants also. About 81 species of tree, 89
species of shrubs, 28 species of climbers and 17 species
of tuberous plants of medicinal importance have been
A variety of fauna Including highly rare, threatened and
endangered species are found in this sanctuary. The past history
of Mount Abu indicates the presence of Lion (last recorded in
1872) and Tiger (last reported in 1970). Presently the Panther
is the apex predator. Other animals found here are Sambhar,
Jungle Cat, Small Indian Civet, Wolf, Hyaena, Jackal, Indian
Fox, Common Langoor, Wild Boar, Pangolin, Rate!, Common
Mongoose, Indian Hare, Porcupine, Hedgehog, etc. The
sanctuary provides an ideal habitat for Sloth Bear, The
population of Sloth Bear is increasing regularly as it can be
seen while going through the forests or motoring on the road.